What is the real cost of changing to internet
It appears that the relic of Ma Bell wants to drive a final nail
into the coffin of traditional Plain Old Telephone Service.
There is no doubt that packet-switched voice (mainly in the form
of VoIP) is less expensive, or seems to be less expensive, then the
old circuit switched calls of yesterday.
It is, however, worthwhile to consider what we have lost.
Why is packet-based voice seemingly less expensive?
There are three primary reasons:
- Packet switching systems, such as the internet, are giant
statistical multiplexers. As such the silences of some data
(or voice) flows can be utilized to carry the traffic of other
flows. And because the internet is both voice and data the
set of flows that go into the statistical mix is large and, on
average, things work out. However at times of heavy load,
system stress, or simply whenever the gods of statistics and
probability feel like it, there are bursts of overload. And
when the internet has such bursts, data is discarded resulting in
bad voice quality or delay.
- The internet has more relaxed time scales than the old Ma Bell
telephone network. This means that the delay between the time
a word is spoken and that word is heard is often longer on the
internet than it was on Ma Bell's system. It also means that
that delay varies from word to word. On Ma Bell's phone
network timing was like a metronome - very regular and
predictable. On the internet time wobbles. This results
in jagged sound quality and people getting into unnatural
my-turn-your-turn modes of conversation.
- Compared to the rich matrix of diagnostic and testing
facilities that were built into Ma Bell's network the internet is a
toy. It is almost shameful how little attention has been paid
to equipping the internet with machinery for detecting and
repairing problems. Ma Bell was a master of solid
service. We saw last week how people in New York lined up at
the few remaining Ma Bell pay phones because their mobile phones
and internet based phones were unusable. There is a real cost
we are paying for this lack of attention to diagnostics,
troubleshooting and repair. And it is a cost that will
increase as we place more and more lifeline grade, health and
safety, systems onto the internet. Someday we will have to
pay the price. That payment will come in the form of harm to
people and property and, eventually, to retrofit the internet.
The move of our voice telephone system from time division
multiplexing/circuit-switched technology to packet switched
technology is not without costs. But we have failed, or
refused, to recognize those costs.
Posted by karl at November 9, 2012 1:49